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Checklist of Birds of Rio Bosque Wetlands Park

The following tables provide seasonal-status information for the 240 bird species observed to date at the park. The tables are updated through 8 January 2014


Legend
                 
Sp   Spring
(March-May)
A   Abundant
should see 90-100% of time in proper habitat and season
*   breeding confirmed
Su   Summer
(June-August)
C   Common
should see 50-90% of time in proper habitat and season
  breeding suspected
F   Fall
(September-November)
U   Uncommon
should see 20-50% of time in proper habitat and season
  formerly nested
W   Winter
(December-February)
R   Rare
should see <20% of time in proper habitat and season

 

 
X   Accidental
only 1 or 2 records

 



ANATIDAE: DUCKS, GEESE AND SWANS

Sp

Su

F

W

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor

X

X

 

 

Snow Goose Chen caerulescens

X

 

R

R

Ross's Goose Chen rossii

 

 

X

X

Canada Goose Branta canadensis

X

 

 

R

Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus

 

 

 

X

Wood Duck Aix sponsa

X

 

R

R

Gadwall Anas strepera

U

X

C

C

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope

 

 

R

R

American Wigeon Anas americana

R

 

U

A

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

C

U*

C

A

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors

R

R

R

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

U

R*

R

C

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

C

R

C

C

Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

U

R

C

C

Green-winged Teal Anas crecca

C

X

C

A

Canvasback Aythya valisineria

 

 

R

R

Redhead Aythya americana

R

R

R

R

Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris

R

 

R

U

Greater Scaup Aythya marila

X

 

 

 

Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis

R

 

R

U

Bufflehead Bucephala albeola

R

 

R

U

Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula

 

 

X

X

Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus

 

 

X

R

Common Merganser Mergus merganser      

X

Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis

R

R

R

U


ODONTOPHORIDAE: QUAIL

Sp

Su

F

W

Scaled Quail Callipepla squamata

X

X

R

X

Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii

C

A*

C

C


PODICIPEDIDAE: GREBES

Sp

Su

F

W

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps

R

R*

R

U

Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

R

 

R

R


PHALACROCORACIDAE: CORMORANTS

Sp

Su

F

W

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus

R

R

R

R

Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus

R

R

R

R


PELECANIDAE: PELICANS

Sp

Su

F

W

American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

X

 

R

 


ARDEIDAE: BITTERNS AND HERONS

Sp

Su

F

W

American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus

X

     
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias

C

U

C

C

Great Egret Ardea alba

U

U

U

C

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

U

U

U

U

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

 

X

 

 

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor

X

X

X

 

Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens

 

X

 

 

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

U

U

U

R

Green Heron

Butorides virescens

U

U

U

R

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

R

R

R

R

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea

 

X

 

 


THRESKIORNITHIDAE: IBISES AND SPOONBILLS

Sp

Su

F

W

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi

U

R

U

R


CATHARTIDAE: NEW WORLD VULTURES

Sp

Su

F

W

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

U

U

U

R


PANDIONIDAE: OSPREY

Sp

Su

F

W

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

R

R

U

 


ACCIPITRIDAE: HAWKS, KITES, EAGLES AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus

U

U*

U

R

Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis

R

U

 

 

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus

X

 

 

R

Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus

C

R

C

C

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus

U

 

U

U

Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii

U

R

U

U

Harris's Hawk

Parabuteo unicinctus

C

C*

C

C

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni

U

U*

U

 

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus

X

 

X

 
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis

C

X

C

C

Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis

 

 

 

R

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

 

 

X

 


RALLIDAE: RAILS, GALLINULES AND COOTS

Sp

Su

F

W

Sora Porzana carolina

X

X

X

X

Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata

R

R*

R

U

American Coot Fulica americana

U

U*

C

C


GRUIDAE: CRANES

Sp

Su

F

W

Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis

X

 

U

R


CHARADRIIDAE: PLOVERS

Sp

Su

F

W

American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica

X

 

 

 

Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus

X

 

 

 

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus

X

 

 

 

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

C

C*

C

C


RECURVIROSTRIDAE: STILTS AND AVOCETS

Sp

Su

F

W

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

U

U*

R

R

American Avocet Recurvirostra americana

U

U*

R

X


SCOLOPACIDAE: SANDPIPERS, PHALAROPES AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius

R

U

R

R

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

R

R

R

 
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

R

R

U

U

Willet Tringa semipalmata

R

     
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

R

R

R

X

Upland Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda

 

R

X

 

Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus

R

R

R

X

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa

 

 

X

 

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri

X

X

 

 

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla

R

R

U

U

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

X

X

R

 

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus

X

X

X

 

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus

U

R

U

U

Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata

R

 

U

U

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor

R

R

R

 


LARIDAE: GULLS, TERNS AND SKIMMERS

Sp

Su

F

W

Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia

X

 

X

 

Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan

X

 

 

 

Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis

R

 

R

R

Herring Gull

Larus argentatus

 

 

 

X

Least Tern Sternula antillarum

X

X

   

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger  

R

R

 
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri

 

X

X

 


COLUMBIDAE: PIGEONS AND DOVES

Sp

Su

F

W

Rock Pigeon Columba livia

R

R

R

R

Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto

U

U*

R

R

White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica

U

U*

R

R

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura

C

A*

C

C

Inca Dove Columbina inca

 

X

X

 

CUCULIDAE: CUCKOOS, ROADRUNNERS AND ANIS

Sp

Su

F

W

Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus

 

R

 

 

Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus

C

C*

C

U


TYTONIDAE: BARN OWLS

Sp

Su

F

W

Barn Owl Tyto alba

R

R

R

R


STRIGIDAE: TYPICAL OWLS

Sp

Su

F

W

Flammulated Owl Otus flammeolus

X

 

 

 

Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii

X

 

X

X

Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus

X

X

 

 
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia

C

C*

U

R

Long-eared Owl Asio otus

X*

X

R

R


CAPRIMULGIDAE: GOATSUCKERS

Sp

Su

F

W

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis

R

R

R

 

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor

 

R

R

 

Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii    

X

 

APODIDAE: SWIFTS

Sp

Su

F

W

White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis

 

 

 

R


TROCHILIDAE: HUMMINGBIRDS

Sp

Su

F

W

Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri

C

C*

U

 

Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus

X

R

R

 

Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus

 

R

R

 


ALCEDINIDAE: KINGFISHERS

Sp

Su

F

W

Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon

R

X

 

U

U


PICIDAE: WOODPECKERS AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris

R

U*

R

R

Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens

X

 

 

 

Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus

U

 

U

C


FALCONIDAE: CARACARAS AND FALCONS

Sp

Su

F

W

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

U

U

U

U

Merlin Falco columbarius

X

 

R

R

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

R

R

R

R

Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus

R

 

R

R


TYRANNIDAE: TYRANT FLYCATCHERS

Sp

Su

F

W

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi

U

X

R

 
Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus

U

R

U

 

Willow Flycatcher  Empidonax traillii

R

R

 

 

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus    

X

 
Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii

X

 

X

 

Gray Flycatcher  Empidonax wrightii

X

     
Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri

R

X

X

 

Cordilleran Flycatcher

Empidonax occidentalis

R

 

 

 

Black Phoebe

Sayornis nigricans

R

R

C

C

Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe

 

 

R

R

Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya

U

X

U

U

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

X

 

R

R

Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens

R

R

 

X

Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans

R

 

R

    

Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis

A

A*

U

   

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus  

X

     
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus

X

 

X

   


LANIIDAE: SHRIKES

Sp

Su

F

W

Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus

U

R

U

C


VIREONIDAE: VIREOS

Sp

Su

F

W

Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii

U

C*

R

 

Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus

R

 

 

 

Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii

X

X

X

 
Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus

R

X

X

 


CORVIDAE: JAYS, MAGPIES AND CROWS

Sp

Su

F

W

Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri

 

 

X

 

Western Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica

R

X

R

U

American Crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos

U

 

A

A

Chihuahuan Raven Corvus cryptoleucus

C

R

A

A


ALAUDIDAE: LARKS

Sp

Su

F

W

Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris

X

 

 

 


HIRUNDINIDAE: SWALLOWS

Sp

Su

F

W

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor

R

 

X

X

Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina

X

 

R

X

N. Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

R

R

R

R

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia

R

R

R

 

Cliff Swallow

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

U

C

U

 

Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva

U

U

U

R

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

C

C

C

R


REMIZIDAE: VERDINS

Sp

Su

F

W

Verdin Auriparus flaviceps

C

C*

C

C


SITTIDAE: NUTHATCHES

Sp

Su

F

W

Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis

 

 

X

 


TROGLODYTIDAE: WRENS

Sp

Su

F

W

Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus

R

     
House Wren Troglodytes aedon

R

 

R

R

Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris

R

 

U

U

Bewick's Wren

Thryomanes bewickii

U

 

U

U

Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

R

R

R

R


SYLVIIDAE: GNATCATCHERS

Sp

Su

F

W

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea

X

 

R

X

Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura

R

 

R

R


REGULIDAE: KINGLETS

Sp

Su

F

W

Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula

U

X

U

U


TURDIDAE: SOLITAIRES, THRUSHES AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis

 

 

X

 
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana

R

 

 

X

Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides

 

 

 

X

Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi    

X

 
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus

R

 

 

R

American Robin Turdus migratorius

R

R

R

 


MIMIDAE: MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre

X

 

X

 
Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum

X

X

X

 
Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale

C

C*

C

C

Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus

R

X

X

X

Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos

A

A*

R

R


STURNIDAE: STARLINGS

Sp

Su

F

W

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris

R

R

 

X


MOTACILLIDAE: PIPITS

Sp

Su

F

W

American Pipit Anthus rubescens

R

 

U

U


BOMBYCILLIDAE: WAXWINGS

Sp

Su

F

W

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum

X


PTILIOGONATIDAE: SILKY-FLYCATCHERS

Sp

Su

F

W

Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens

R

X

R

R


PARULIDAE: WOOD-WARBLERS

Sp

Su

F

W

Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis    

X

 
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia

X

X

   
Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata

R

R

U

R

Lucy's Warbler Oreothlypis luciae  

X

   
Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla

X

 

X

 

Virginia's Warbler Oreothlypis virginiae

X

R

R

 

MacGillivray's Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei

U

R

R

 
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas

R

R

R

R

American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

X

X

   
Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia

X

R

R

 

Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum    

X

X

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Setophaga coronata

U

 

C

C

Grace's Warbler Setophaga graciae    

X

 
Black-throated Gray Warbler

Setophaga nigrescens

X

R

R

 

Townsend's Warbler Setophaga townsendi

R

R

U

 

Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla

C

R

C

 

Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens

U

C*

 

 


EMBERIZIDAE: NEW WORLD SPARROWS AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus

U

 

U

R

Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus

U

 

U

R

Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii

R

U*

 

 

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina

U

R

R

R

Clay-colored Sparrow

Spizella pallida

 

R

R

 

Brewer's Sparrow

Spizella breweri

C

R

U

R

Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus

U

X

U

R

Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus

R

R

R

 

Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata

X

 

 

 

Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys

R

R

R

R

Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis

U

 

R

C

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum    

X

 
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca

X

   

X

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia

R

 

U

C

Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii

R

 

U

U

Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana

X

 

 

R

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis

X

 

X

X

Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula

X

 

 

X

White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys

C

 

C

A

Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis

C

 

U

U


CARDINALIDAE: CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava

X

 

X

 
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra

R

R

R

 

Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana

R

R

R

 

Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis

X

X

X

 

Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus

R

R

R

U

Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus

R

X

X

 

Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea

U

C*

U

 

Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena  

R

   
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea

 

X

 

 

Painted Bunting Passerina ciris

U

C*

 

 

Dickcissel Spiza americana    

X

 

ICTERIDAE: BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS AND ORIOLES

Sp

Su

F

W

Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus

U

U*

U

U

Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta

R

 

R

U

Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

R

U

U

R

Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus      

X

Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus

R

 

R

R

Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula

 

 

 

X

Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus

U

U*

U

U

Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater

U

U

R

 

Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii

U

U

 

 

Scott's Oriole Icterus parisorum  

X

   

FRINGILLIDAE: FINCHES AND ALLIES

Sp

Su

F

W

House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus

A

A*

A

A

Pine Siskin Spinus pinus

 

 

 

X

Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria

R

R

R

R

American Goldfinch Spinus tristis    

X

 

PASSERIDAE: OLD WORLD SPARROWS

Sp

Su

F

W

House Sparrow Passer domesticus

U

R

X

X